Peter M. Groffman, Ph.D.

  • Professor, Environmental Sciences Initiative
  • Professor of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Brooklyn College

Peter M. Groffman, Ph.D. joined the Environmental Sciences Initiative in November 2015. He completed his B.A. at the University of Virginia and his Ph.D. at the University of Georgia. Groffman previously held the position of Senior Scientist at the Cary Institute of Ecosystem Studies.

Groffman’s research focuses on terrestrial biogeochemistry with a focus on nitrogen dynamics, especially gases. Projects have ranged across multiple scales from microbial/molecular scale analyses to field/ecosystem scale measurement of fluxes using geochemical and isotope approaches, to landscape and regional scale work using remote sensing, geographic information systems and simulation models. Much of his research is focused at two National Science Foundation funded Long Term Ecological Research (LTER) sites; Hubbard Brook, New Hampshire and Baltimore, MD.

During his career, he has authored over 300 publications, with more than 85 as primary author. Groffman was a Convening Lead Author for the 2013 U.S. National Climate Assessment Chapter on Ecosystems, Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services and a lead author for the Second (Wetlands) and Third (North America) Assessment Reports of the Intergovernmental Program on Climate Change (IPCC).   Groffman is also a professor in Brooklyn College’s Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences.

Google Scholar Citations:


A.A. Paltseva, Z. Cheng, S.P. Egendorf, and P.M. Groffman. Remediation of an urban garden with elevated levels of soil contamination. Science of The Total Environment, 2020, 722: 137965. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.137965.

S.P. Egendorf, P. Groffman, G. Moore, and Z. Cheng. The Limits of Lead (Pb) Phytoextraction and Possibilities of Phytostabilization in Contaminated Soil: A Critical Review. International Journal of Phytoextraction, 2020. In press.

J.N. Weitzman, P.M. Groffman, J.L. Campbell, C.T. Driscoll, R.T. Fahey, T.J. Fahey, P.G. Schaberg, L.E. Rustad. Ecosystem Nitrogen Response to a Simulated Ice Storm in a Northern Hardwood Forest. Ecosystems, 2019. DOI: 10.1007/s10021-019-00463-w.

D.H. Locke, C. Polsky, J.M. Grove, P.M. Groffman, K.C. Nelson, K.L. Larson, J. Cavender-Bares, J.B. Heffernan, R.R. Chowdhury, S.E. Hobbie, N.D. Bettez, S.J. Hall, C. Neill, L. Ogden, J. O’Neil-Dunne. Residential Household Yard Care Practices along Urban-Exurban Gradients in Six Climatically-Diverse U.S. Metropolitan Areas. PLoS ONE, 2019, 14 (11), e0222630. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0222630.

L.E. Frelich, B. Blossey, E.K. Cameron, A. Dávalos, N. Eisenhauer, T. Fahey, O. Ferlian, P.M. Groffman, E. Larson, S.R. Loss, J.C. Maerz, V. Nuzzo, K. Yoo, P.B. Reich. Side‐swiped: Ecological Cascades Emanating from Earthworm Invasions. Front Ecol Environ, 2019, 17 (9), 502–510. DOI: 10.1002/fee.2099.

L.K. Templeton, M.C. Neel, P.M. Groffman, M.L. Cadenasso, J.H. Sullivan. Changes in Vegetation Structure and Composition of Urban and Rural Forest Patches in Baltimore from 1998 to 2015. Forest Ecology and Management, 2019, 454, 117665. DOI: 10.1016/j.foreco.2019.117665.

P.M. Groffman, J.M. Grove, D. Locke, A. Troy, J. O’Neil-Dunne, W. Zhou. Lawns as common ground for society and the flux of water and nutrients. In Science for the Sustainable City. Pickett, S.T.A., Cadenasso, M.L., Grove, J.M., Irwin, E.G., Rosi, E.J., Swan, C.M., Eds. Yale University Press: New Haven, CT, 2019. pp 220–235.

P.M. Groffman, L.E. Band, K.T. Belt, N.D. Bettez, A. Bhaskar, E. Doheny, J.M. Duncan, S.S. Kaushal, E.J. Rosi, C. Welty. Applying the Watershed Approach to Urban Ecosystems. In Science for the Sustainable City. Pickett, S.T.A., Cadenasso, M.L., Grove, J.M., Irwin, E.G., Rosi, E.J., Swan, C.M., Eds. Yale University Press: New Haven, CT, 2019. pp 155–173.

M. Almaraz, P.M. Groffman, S. Porder. Effects of Changes in Nitrogen Availability on Nitrogen Gas Emissions in a Tropical Forest During a Drought. J. Geophys. Res. Biogeosci., 2019, 124 (9), 2917–2926. DOI: 10.1029/2018JG004851.

C.A. Roco, P. Dörsch, J. G. Booth, C. Pepe-Ranney, P.M. Groffman, T.J. Fahey, J.B. Yavitt, J.P. Shapleigh. Using Metagenomics to Reveal Landscape Scale Patterns of Denitrifiers in a Montane Forest Ecosystem. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 2019, 138, 107585. DOI: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2019.107585.

K. Addy, A.J. Gold, M. Welsh, P. August, M. Stolt, C. Arango, and P.M. Groffman. Connectivity and nitrate uptake potential of intermittent streams in the Northeast USA. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution, 2019. DOI: 10.3389/fevo.2019.00225.

A.J. Reisinger, T.R. Doody, P.M. Groffman, S.S. Kaushal, E.J. Rosi. Seeing the Light: Urban Stream Restoration Affects Stream Metabolism and Nitrate Uptake via Changes in Canopy Cover. Ecol Appl, 2019, 29 (6). DOI:

J. L. Joyner, J. Kerwin, M. Deeb, G. Lozefski, B. Prithiviraj, A. Paltseva, J. McLaughlin, P. Groffman, Z. Cheng, T. R. Muth. Green Infrastructure Design Influences Communities of Urban Soil Bacteria. Front. Microbiol., 2019, 10, 982. DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2019.00982.

S.R. Weintraub, A.N. Flores, W.R. Wieder, D. Sihi, C. Cagnarini, D.R.P. Gonçalves, M.H. Young, L. Li, Y. Olshansky, R. Baatz, P.L. Sullivan, P.M. Groffman. Leveraging Environmental Research and Observation Networks to Advance Soil Carbon Science. J. Geophys. Res. Biogeosci., 2019, 124 (5), 1047–1055. DOI: 10.1029/2018JG004956.

P.O. Sorensen, J.M. Bhatnagar, L. Christenson, J. Duran, T. Fahey, M.C. Fisk, A.C. Finzi, P.M. Groffman, J.L. Morse, P.H. Templer. Roots Mediate the Effects of Snowpack Decline on Soil Bacteria, Fungi, and Nitrogen Cycling in a Northern Hardwood Forest. Front. Microbiol., 2019, 10, 926. DOI: 10.3389/fmicb.2019.00926.

T.L.E. Trammell, D.E. Pataki, C.J. Still, J.R. Ehleringer, M.L. Avolio, N. Bettez, J. Cavender‐Bares, P.M. Groffman, M. Grove, S.J. Hall, J. Heffernan, S.E. Hobbie, K.L. Larson, J.L. Morse, C. Neill, K.C. Nelson, J. O’Neil‐Dunne, W.D. Pearse, R.R. Chowdhury, M. Steele, et al. Climate and Lawn Management Interact to Control C 4 Plant Distribution in Residential Lawns across Seven U.S. Cities. Ecol Appl, 2019, 29 (4), e01884. DOI: 10.1002/eap.1884.

J. Padullés Cubino, J. Cavender‐Bares, S.E. Hobbie, S.J. Hall, T.L.E. Trammell, C. Neill, M.L. Avolio, L.E. Darling, P.M. Groffman. Contribution of Non‐native Plants to the Phylogenetic Homogenization of U.S. Yard Floras. Ecosphere, 2019, 10 (3), e02638. DOI: 10.1002/ecs2.2638.

X. Ni, S. Liao, F. Wu, P.M. Groffman. Short-Term Precipitation Pulses Stimulate Soil CO2 Emission but Do Not Alter CH4 and N2O Fluxes in a Northern Hardwood Forest. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 2019, 130, 8–11. DOI:

S.Q. Yao, P.M. Groffman, C. Alewell, and K.A. Ballantine. Soil amendments promote denitrification in restored wetlands. Restoration Ecology, 2018, 26, 294-302. DOI: 10.1111/rec.12573.

A.J. Webster, P.M. Groffman, and M.L. Cadenasso. Controls on denitrification potential in nitrate-rich waterways and riparian zones of an irrigated agricultural setting. Ecological Applications, 2018, 28, 1055-1067. DOI: 10.1002.eap.1709.

R. Sanders-DeMott, J.L. Campbell, P.M. Groffman, L.E. Rustad, and P.H. Templer. Soil warming and winter snow packs: Implications for northern forest ecosystem functioning. Ecosystem Consequences of Soil Warming: Microbes, Vegetation, Fauna and Soil Biogeochemistry, 2018, 11.

B.R. Rosenzweig, P.M. Groffman, C.B. Zarnoch, B.F. Branco, E.K. Hartig, J. Fitzpatrick, H.M. Forgione, and A. Parris. Nitrogen regulation by natural systems in “unnatural” landscapes: Denitrification in ultra-urban coastal ecosystems. Ecosystem Health and Sustainability, 2018, 4, 9, 205-224. DOI: 10.1080/20964129.2018.1527188.

D.D. Richter, S.A. Billings, P.M. Groffman, E.F. Kelly, K.A. Lohse, W.H. McDowell, C.S. Riebe, W.S. Silver, T.S. White, S.A. Anderson, S. Brantley, Z.S. Brecheisen, O.A. Chadwick, H.E. Hartnett, S.E. Hobbie, C.E. Kazanski, D. Markewitz, K. O’Neill, P. Schroeder, and A. Thompson. Ideas and Perspectives: Elevating the biogeosciences within environmental research networks. BioGeoSciences, 2018, 15, 4815-4832. DOI: 10.5194/bg-15-4815-2018.

A.J. Reisinger, E. Woytowitz, E. Majcher, E.J. Rosi, K.T. Belt, J.M. Duncan, S.S. Kaushal, and P.M. Groffman. Changes in long-term water quality of Baltimore streams are associated with both gray and green-infrastructure. Limnology and Oceanography, 2018, 17, 1-17. DOI: 10.1002/lno.10947.

W.D. Pearse, J. Cavender-Bares, S.E. Hobbie, M. Avolio, N.D. Bettez, R. Roy Chowdhury, L.E. Darling, P.M. Groffman, J. Morgan Grove, S.J. Hall, J.B. Heffernan, J. Learned, C.B. Neill, K. Nelson, D. Pataki, B. Ruddell, M. Steele, and T.L.E. Trammell. Ecological homogenisation in North American urban yards: Vegetation diversity, composition, and structure. Ecosphere, 2018, 9, 2, e02105. DOI: 10.1002/ecs2.2105.

A. Paltseva, Z. Cheng, M. Deeb, P.M. Groffman, R.K. Shaw, and M. Maddaloni. Accumulation of arsenic and lead in garden-grown vegetables: Factors and mitigation strategies. Science of the Total Environment, 2018, 640, 273-283. DOI: 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.05.296.

A. Paltseva, Z. Cheng, M. Deeb, P.M. Groffman, and M. Maddaloni. Variability of bioaccessible lead in urban garden soils. Soil Science, 2018. DOI: 10.1097/SS.0000000000000232.

X. Ni and P.M. Groffman. Declines in methane uptake in forest soils. PNAS, 2018, 115, 34, 8587-8590. DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1807377115.

D.H. Locke, M. Avolio, T.L.E. Trammel, R. Roy Chowdhury, J.M. Grove, J. Rogan, D.G. Martin, N. Bettez, J. Cavender-Bares, P.M. Groffman, S.J. Hall, J.B. Heffernan, S.E. Hobbie, K.L. Larson, J.L. Morse, C. Neill, K.C. Nelson, L.A. Ogden, J. O’Neil-Dunne, D.E. Pataki, W.D. Pearse, C. Polsky, and M.M. Wheeler. A multi-city comparison of front and backyard differences in plant species diversity and nitrogen cycling in residential landscapes. Landscape and Urban Planning, 2018, 178, 102-111. DOI: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2018.05.030.

D.H. Locke, R. Roy Chowdhury, J.M. Grove, D.G. Martin, E. Goldman, J. Rogan, and P.M. Groffman. Social norms, yard care, and the difference between front and back yard management: Examining the landscape mullets concept on urban residential lands. Society and Natural Resources, 2018, 31, 1169-1188. DOI: 10.1080/08941920.2018.1481549

J.L. Gutiérrez, C.G. Jones, P.D. Ribeiro, S.E.G. Findlay, and P.M. Groffman. Crab burrowing limits surface litter accumulation in a temperate salt marsh: Implications for ecosystem functioning and connectivity. Ecosystems, 2018, 21, 1000-1012. DOI: 10.1007/s10021-017-0200-6.

P.M. Groffman, C.T. Driscoll, J. Durán, J.L. Campbell, L.M. Christenson, T.J. Fahey, M.C. Fisk, C. Fuss, G.E. Likens, G. Lovett, L. Rustad, and P.H. Templer. Nitrogen oligotrophication in northern hardwood forests. Biogeochemistry, 2018, 141, 523-539. DOI: 10.1007/s10533-018-0445-y.

S.P. Egendorf, Z. Cheng, M. Deeb, V. Flores, A. Paltseva, D. Walsh, P. Groffman, and H. Mielke. Constructing soil for mitigating lead (Pb) exposure and promoting urban community gardening: The New York City Clean Soil Bank pilot study. Landscape and Urban Planning, 2018, 175, 184-194. DOI: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2018.03.012.

M. Deeb, P.M. Groffman, J.L. Joyner, G. Lozefski, A. Paltseva, B. Lin, K. Mania, D. L. Cao, J. McLaughlin, T. Muth, B. Prithiviraj, J. Kerwin, and Z. Cheng. Soil and microbial properties of green infrastructure stormwater management systems. Ecological Engineering, 2018, 125, 68-75. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2018.10.017.

J.P. Cubino, J. Cavender-Bares, S.E. Hobbie, D.E. Patkai, M.L. Avolio, L.E. Darling, K.L. Larson, S.J. Hall, P.M. Groffman, T.L.E. Trammell, M.K. Steele, J.M. Grove, and C. Neill. Drivers of plant richness and phylogenetic composition in urban yards at the continental scale. Landscape Ecology, 2018. DOI: 10.1007/s10980-018-0744-7.

J.R. Blaszczak, M. Steele, B.D. Badgley, J.B. Heffernan, S.E. Hobbie, J.L. Morse, E. Rivers, S. Hall, C. Neill, D.E. Pataki, P.M. Groffman, and E.S. Bernhardt. Sediment chemistry of urban stormwater ponds and controls on denitrification. Ecosphere, 2018, 9, 6, e02318. DOI: 10.1002/ecs2.2318.

D. Bird, P.M. Groffman, C. Salice, and J. Moore. Steady-state land cover but non-steady-state major ion chemistry in urban streams. Environmental Science & Technology, 2018, DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.8b03587

R. Baatz, P.L. Sullivan, L. Li, S. Weintraub, H.W. Loescher, M. Mirtl, P.M. Groffman, D.H. Wall, M. Young, T. White, H. Wen, S. Zacharias, I. Kühn, J. Tang, J. Gaillardet, I. Braud, A.N. Flores, P. Kumar, H. Lin, T. Ghezzehei, H.L. Gholz, H. Vereecken, and K. Van Looy. Steering operational synergies in terrestrial observation networks: opportunity for advancing Earth system dynamics modelling. Earth System Dynamics, 2018, 9, 593-609. DOI: 10.5194/esd-9-593-2018.

H. Asbjornsen, J. Campbell, K. Jennings, M. Vadeboncoeur, C. McIntire, P. Templer, R. Phillips, T. Bauerle, M. Dietze, S. Frey, P. Groffman, R. Guerrieri, P. Hanson, E. Kelsey, A. Knapp, N. McDowell, P. Meir, K. Novick, S. Ollinger, W. Pockman, P. Schaberg, S. Wullschleger, M. Smith, and L. Rustad. Guidelines and considerations for designing field experiments simulating precipitation extremes in forest ecosystems. Methods in Ecology and Evolution, 2018. DOI: 10.1111/2041-210X.13094.

M.M. Wheeler, C. Neill, P.M. Groffman, M. Avolio, N.D. Bettez, J. Cavender-Bares, R. Roy Chowdhury, L. Darling, J.M. Grove, S. J. Hall, J.B. Heffernan, S.E. Hobbie, K.L. Larson, J.L. Morse, K. Nelson, L.A. Ogden, and J. O’Neil-Dunne. Continental-scale homogenization of residential lawn plant communities. Landscape and Urban Planning, 2017, 165, 54-63. DOI: 10.1016/j.landurbplan.2017.05.004.

A.J. Reisinger, E. Rosi-Marshall, H. Bechtold, T. Doody, S. Kaushal, and P.M. Groffman. Recovery of urban stream metabolism following Superstorm Sandy and other flood events. Ecosphere, 2017, 8, 4, e01776.  DOI: 10.1002/ecs2.1776

S. Pierre, I. Hewson, J.P. Sparks, C.M. Litton, C. Giardina, P.M. Groffman, and T.J. Fahey. Ammonia oxidizer populations drive nitrogen cycling across a tropical montane mean annual temperature gradient. Ecology, 2017, 98, 1896-1907. DOI: 10.1002/ecy.1863.

S.T.A. Pickett, M.L. Cadenasso, E.J. Rosi-Marshall, K.T. Belt, P.M. Groffman, J.M. Grove, E.G. Irwin, S.S. Kaushal, S.L. LaDeau, C.H. Nilon, C.M. Swan, and P.S. Warren. Dynamic heterogeneity: A framework to promote ecological integration and hypothesis generation in urban systems. Urban Ecosystems, 2017, 20, 1-14. DOI: 10.1007/s11252-016-0574-9.

M.M. Palta, N.B. Grimm, and P.M. Groffman. “Accidental” urban wetlands: Potential extent and associated ecosystem functions. Frontiers in Ecology and Environment, 2017. DOI: 10.1002/fee.1494.

K. Minick, M.C. Fisk, and P.M. Groffman. Soil calcium alters mineralization of soil organic carbon and leaf litter in the Oa horizon of a northern hardwood forest. Biogeochemistry, 2017, 132, 343-357. DOI: 10.1007/s10533-017-0307-z.

M.V. Kulkarni, J.B. Yavitt, and P.M. Groffman. Rapid conversion of added nitrate to N2 in northern forest soils. Geomicrobiology Journal, 2017, 34, 670-676. DOI: 10.1080/01490451.2016.1238981.

J.E. Hickman, Y. Huang, C. Palm, S. Wu, W. Diru, and P. Groffman. Non-linear response of nitric oxide fluxes to fertilizer inputs and the impacts of agricultural intensification on tropospheric ozone pollution in Africa. Global Change Biology, 2017, 23, 3192-3204. DOI: 10.1111/gcb.13644.

P.M. Groffman, M.L. Cadenasso, J. Cavender-Bares, D.L. Childers, N.B. Grimm, J.M. Grove, S.E. Hobbie, L.R. Hutyra, D.G. Jenerette, T. McPhearson, D.E. Pataki, S.T.A. Pickett, R.V. Pouyat, E.J. Rosi-Marshall, and B.L. Ruddell. Moving towards a new Urban Systems Science. Ecosystems, 2017, 20, 38-43. DOI: 10.1007/s10021-016-0053-4

P.M. Groffman, M. Avolio, J. Cavender-Bares, N.D. Bettez, J. Morgan Grove, S.J. Hall, S.E. Hobbie, K.L. Larson, S.B. Lerman, D.H. Locke, J.B. Heffernan, J.L. Morse, C. Neill, K.C. Nelson, J. O’Neil-Dunne, D.E. Pataki, C. Polsky, R. Roy Chowdhury, and T.L.E. Trammell. Ecological homogenization of residential macrosystems. Nature Ecology and Evolution, 2017, 1, 0191. DOI: 10.1038/s41559-017-0191.

J. Durán, J.L. Morse, A. Rodríguez, J.L. Campbell, L.M Christenson, C.T. Driscoll, T.J. Fahey, M.C. Fisk, M.J. Mitchell, P.H. Templer, and P.M. Groffman. Differential sensitivity to climate change of C and N cycling processes across soil horizons in a northern hardwood forest. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 2017, 107, 77-84. DOI: 10.1016/j.soibio.2016.12.028.

J.M. Duncan, C. Welty, J.T. Kemper, P.M. Groffman, and L.E. Band. Dynamics of nitrate concentration-discharge patterns in an urban watershed. Water Resources Research, 2017. DOI: 10.1002/2017WR020500.

J.M. Duncan, L.E. Band, and P.M. Groffman. Variable nitrate concentration–discharge relationships in a forested watershed. Hydrological Processes, 2017, 31, 1817-1824. DOI: 10.1002/hyp.11136.

S. Chamberlain, P.M. Groffman, E. Boughton, N. Gomez-Casanova, E. DeLucia, C. Bernacchi, and J. Sparks. The impact of water management practices on subtropical pasture methane emissions and ecosystem service payments Ecological Applications, 2017, 27, 1199-1209. DOI: 10.1002/eap.1514

K.A. Ballantine,  T.R. Anderson, E.A. Pierce, and P.M. Groffman. Restoration of denitrification in agricultural wetlands. Ecological Engineering, 2017, 106, 570-577. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoleng.2017.06.033.

K.C. Weathers, P.M. Groffman, E. Van Dolah, E.S. Bernhardt, N.B. Grimm, K. McMahon, J. Schimel, M. Paolisso, R. Maranger, S. Baer, K. Brauman, and E.L. Hinckley. Frontiers in ecosystem ecology from a community perspective: The future is boundless and bright. Ecosystems, 2016. DOI: 10.1007/s10021-016-9967-0.

T.L.E. Trammell, D.E. Pataki, J. Cavender-Bares, P.M. Groffman, S.J. Hall, J.B. Heffernan, S.E. Hobbie, J.L. Morse, C. Neill, and K.C. Nelson. Plant nitrogen concentration and isotopic composition in residential lawns across seven U.S. cities. Oecologia, 2016, 181, 271-85. DOI: 10.1007/s00442-016-3566-9.

P.O. Sorensen, P.H. Templer, L. Christenson, J. Durán, T. Fahey, M.C. Fisk, P.M. Groffman, J.L. Morse, and A.C. Finzi. Reduction in snow cover alters root-microbe interactions and decreases nitrification in a northern hardwood forest. Ecology, 2016, 97, 3359-3368. DOI: 10.1002/ecy.1599.

F.M. Soper, T.W. Boutton, P.M. Groffman, and J.P. Sparks. Nitrogen trace gas fluxes from a semi-arid subtropical savanna under woody legume encroachment. Global Biogeochemical Cycles, 2016, 30, 614-628. DOI: 10.1002/2015GB005298

F.M. Soper, P.M. Groffman, and J.P. Sparks. Denitrification in a subtropical, semi-arid North American savanna: field measurements and intact soil core incubations. Biogeochemistry, 2016, 128, 257-266. DOI: 10.1007 /s10533-016-0205-9.

A.J. Reisinger, P.M. Groffman, and E.J. Rosi-Marshall. Nitrogen cycling in urban ecosystems: A review of process rates across key urban ecosystems. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 2016, 92. DOI: 10.1093/femsec/fiw198.

S.P. Pierre, P.M. Groffman, M.E. Killelea, and E.E. Oldfield. Soil microbial nitrogen cycling and nitrous oxide emissions from urban afforestation in the New York City Afforestation Project. Urban Forestry & Urban Greening, 2016, 15, 1490154. DOI: 10.1016/j.ufug.2015.11.006.

M.M. Palta, J.G. Ehrenfeld, D. Gimenez, P.M. Groffman, and V. Subroy. Soil texture and water retention as spatial predictors of denitrification in urban wetlands. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 2016, 101, 237-250. DOI: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2016.06.011.

L.E. McPhillips, P.M. Groffman, R.L. Schneider, and M.T. Walter. Nutrient cycling in grassed roadside ditches and lawns in a suburban watershed. Journal of Environmental Quality, Nutrient cycling in grassed roadside ditches and lawns in a suburban watershed, 45, 1901-1909. DOI: 10.2134/jeq2016.05.0178.

K.L. Larson, K.C. Nelson, S.R. Samples, S.J. Hall, N. Bettez, J. Cavender-Bares, P.M. Groffman, J.M. Grove, J.B. Heffernan, S.E. Hobbie, J. Learned, J.L. Morse, C. Neill, L.A. Ogden, J. O’Neil-Dunne, D.E. Pataki, C. Polsky, R. Roy Chowdhury, M. Steele, and T.L.E. Trammell. Ecosystem services in managing residential landscapes: Priorities, value dimensions, and cross-regional patterns. Urban Ecosystems, 2016, 19, 95-113. DOI: 10.1007/s11252-015-0477-1.

P.M. Groffman, J.M. Grove, C. Polsky, N.D. Bettez, J.L. Morse, J. Cavender-Bares, S.J. Hall, J.B. Heffernan, S.E. Hobbie, K.L. Larson, C. Neill, K. Nelson, L. Ogden, J. O’Neil-Dunne, D. Pataki, R.R. Chowdhury, and D.H. Locke. Satisfaction, water and fertilizer use in the American residential macrosystem. Environmental Research Letters, 2016, 11, 1-7.  DOI: 10.1088/1748-9326/11/3/034004.

N.B. Grimm, P.M. Groffman, M. Staudinger, and H. Tallis. Climate change impacts on ecosystems and ecosystem services in the United States: Process and prospects for sustained assessment. Climatic Change, 2016, 135, 97-106. DOI: 10.1007/s10584-015-1547-3.

C.B. Fuss, C.T. Driscoll, P.M. Groffman, J.L. Campbell, L.M. Christenson, T.J. Fahey, M.C. Fisk, M.J. Mitchell, P.H. Templer, J. Durán and J.L. Morse. Nitrate and dissolved organic carbon mobilization in response to soil freezing variability. Biogeochemistry, 2016, 131, 35-47. DOI: 10.1007/s10533-016-0262-0.

C.B. Fuss, C.T. Driscoll, M.B. Green and P.M. Groffman. Hydrologic flowpaths during snowmelt in forested headwater catchments under differing winter climatic and soil frost regimes. Hydrological Processes, 2016, 30, 4617-4632. DOI: 10.1002/hyp.10956.

Z. Cui, C.W. Welty, A.J. Gold, P.M. Groffman, S.S. Kaushal, and A.J. Miller. Use of a three-dimensional reactive solute transport model for evaluation of bioreactor placement in channel restoration. Journal of Environmental Quality, 2016, 45, 839-846. DOI: 10.2134/jeq2015.06.0330.

S.D. Chamberlain, N. Gomez-Casanovas, M.T. Walter, E.H. Boughton, C.J. Bernacchi, E.H. DeLucia, P.M. Groffman, E.W. Keel, and J.P. Sparks. Influence of transient flooding on methane fluxes from subtropical pastures. Journal of Geophysical Research Biogeosciences, 2016, 121. DOI: 10.1002/2015JG003283.

J. Caputo, C.M. Beier, V.A. Luzadis and P.M. Groffman. Integrating beneficiaries into assessment of ecosystem services from managed forests at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, USA. Forest Ecosystems, 2016, 3, 13. DOI: 10.1186/s40663-016-0072-9

J. Caputo, C.M. Beier, P.M. Groffman, D.A. Burns, F.D. Beall, P.W. Hazlett, and T.E. Yorks. Effects of harvesting forest biomass on ecosystem capacity to provide water and climate regulation services: a synthesis of long-term experiments in eastern North America. Ecosystems, 2016, 19, 271-283. DOI: 10.1007/s10021-015-9928-z

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